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Enki Bilal by SaReeNavonShinnok

Enki Bilal (born October 7, 1951) is a French comic book creator, comics artist and film director. Born Enes Bilalović in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, to a Slovak mother and a Bosniak father who had been Josip Broz Tito's tailor.  He moved to Paris at the age of 9, there Enki learned French and discovered cinema and comic books. At age 14, he met René Goscinny and with his encouragement applied his talent to comics. He produced work for Goscinny's Franco-Belgian comics magazine Pilote in the 1970s, publishing his first story, Le Bal Maudit, in 1972.In 1971, he wins a contest organized by the famous comics magazine Pilote with his first story "L'appel des étoiles". It's published in Pilote and later re-released under the title "Le bol maudit", and it allows Enki Bilal to start working for the magazine by drawing politicians. He then meets Pierre Christin (at the time scenarist of "Valérian" for Pilote) and starts his collaboration with him in 1975 with "La croisières des oubliés". In 1979, they release "Les Phalanges de l'Ordre Noir", which receives great critics and a Prix RTL. Bilal also draws "Exterminateur 17" in 1978 for magazine Metal Hurlant, with a scenario by Jean-Pierre Dionnet (later released as an album in 1989).

Enki Bilal releases his first solo comic book, "La foire aux immortels", in 1980, which is the first episode of his famous "Nikopol Trilogy" (followed by "La Femme piège" in 1986 and "Froid équateur" in 1993, which will be the first comic book to be chosen as best book of the year by the litterature magazine Lire). He also designs the poster for Alain Resnais's "Mon onlce d'Amérique (1980)". Two years later he collaborates with Resnais again but not only for the poster: he also imagines the costumes and creates a part of the production design of La vie est un roman (1983), using glass painting technics. He also continues his collaboration with Christin for Dargaud Editions, mainly releasing "Partie de Chasse", which receives many eulogistic critics in the French press in 1983. In 1985, he makes some graphic researches for Jean-Jacques Annaud 's "Der Name der Rose" (1986). He then meets Patrick Cauvin (aka Claude Klotz) with whom he collaborates for "Hors jeu" (1986), book of texts and illustrations on the theme of sports. In 1987, he receives the prestigious First Prize at the comic books festival of Angoulême. The year after, he exhibits his work at the Palais de Tokyo (Paris), among works of photographer Josef Koudelka and artist Guy Peellaert.

The next step in his cinema ambitions is Bunker Palace Hôtel (1989), his first film as a director, co-written with Christin, starring Jean-Louis Trintignant and Carole Bouquet. He also works for the first time for stage shows, creating the costumes and production design of Denis Levaillant's contemporary opera "OPA mia" in Avignon in 1990, and for Sergei Prokofiev's ballet "Roméo et Juliette » (choreographed by Angelin Preljocaj) in Lyon in 1991. After some few album releases or re-releases and exhibitions ("Transit" at the Grande Arche de la Défense in Paris in 1992; "Bleu Sang" in Paris in 1994), Bilal directs his second film, Tykho Moon (1996), again starring Trintignant, but also Julie Delpy, Michel Piccoli and Richard Bohringer. This time, the scenario is co-written by Dan Franck and the music is composed by Goran Vejvoda. Bilal also releases a graphic book based on his movie. In 1998, he starts a new trilogy with "Le Sommeil du montre" (Editions Les Humanoïdes Associés), then the graphic book "Un siècle d'amour" with Dan Franck in 1999, "Le Sarcophage" with Christin in 2000 and the second episode of his trilogy, "Trente-deux Décembre", in 2003. He also makes several exhibitions: "Magma" (Naples, 2000), "Le Sarcophage" (Paris, 2000), "enkibilalandeuxmilleun" (Paris, 2001, then Sarajevo, Belgrade, Lièges, Cherbourg and Barcelona).

Producer Charles Gassot, who's a fan of Bilal's work, decides to produce a risky project and allows Bilal to have a bigger budget (about 22 millions Euros) for his new film: "Immortel: Ad Vitam" (2004). The movie is based on the first two episodes of the "Nikopol Trilogy" and Bilal asks sci-fi writer Serge Lehman to help him for the scenario. The film is a daring combination of digital and live characters, featuring Linda Hardy, Thomas Kretschmann and Charlotte Rampling. Bilal also casts Jean-Louis Trintignant, Frédéric Pierrot and Yann Collette for the third time, and Vejvoda for the music again.

He is best known for the Nikopol trilogy (La Foire aux Immortels, La Femme Piège and Froid Équateur), which took more than a decade to complete. Bilal wrote the script and did the artwork. The final chapter, Froid Équateur, was chosen book of the year by the magazine Lire and is acknowledged by the inventor of chess boxing, Iepe Rubingh as the inspiration for the sport.

Bilal's most recent publication is Quatre? (2007), the last book in the Hatzfeld tetralogy, which deals with the breakup of Yugoslavia from a future viewpoint. The first installment came in 1998 in the shape of Le Sommeil du Monstre opening with the main character, Nike, remembering the war in a series of traumatic flashbacks. The third chapter of the tetralogy is Rendez-vous à Paris (2006). It gives a good indication of Bilal's popularity in France, that Rendez-vous à Paris was the fifth best selling new comic of 2006, with 280,000 copies sold.

On May 13, 2008 a video game based on the Nikopol trilogy was announced titled Nikopol: Secrets of the Immortals. Published in North America by Got Game Entertainment in August 2008, the game is a "point and click" adventure for the PC; however, the Lead Designer was Benoit Sokal and not Bilal himself, who was the art designer, along with Yoshitaka Amano for the upcoming video game Beyond Good & Evil 2.

In 2012, Bilal was featured in a solo exhibition at The Louvre. The exhibition, titled "The Ghosts of the Louvre," ran from December 20, 2012 to March 18, 2013. The exhibition was organized by Fabrice Douar, and featured a series of paintings of "Ghosts," done atop photographs that Bilal took of the Louvre's collection.
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:iconadrakynn:
ADrakynn Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2016  Hobbyist General Artist
Re-thank ^^
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:iconsareenavonshinnok:
SaReeNavonShinnok Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2016   Traditional Artist
Welcome! 
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:iconadrakynn:
ADrakynn Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2016  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank!
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:iconsareenavonshinnok:
SaReeNavonShinnok Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2016   Traditional Artist
No prob!
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:iconrebydd:
RebyDD Featured By Owner Jun 4, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks for request Hug 
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:iconsareenavonshinnok:
SaReeNavonShinnok Featured By Owner Jun 4, 2015   Traditional Artist
You are welcome! ;) 
Also you can join us ;)
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:iconcatgagathegoddess:
CatgagaTheGoddess Featured By Owner Edited Dec 21, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
My deviation for this group expired! ;( I am not on DA too much. But I will be cosplaying as Enki  <3 would you please send me the invite again?
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:iconsareenavonshinnok:
SaReeNavonShinnok Featured By Owner Dec 21, 2014   Traditional Artist
No prob) But why you just can't send join request? Have I fix this? 
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:iconcatgagathegoddess:
CatgagaTheGoddess Featured By Owner Dec 21, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
My apologies! I didn't think you can do that. I will now.
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:iconsareenavonshinnok:
SaReeNavonShinnok Featured By Owner Dec 21, 2014   Traditional Artist
I've sent invitation to you. 
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